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Plastic Additives Technology Hand Book

Plastic Additives Technology Hand Book
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Price: Rs. 950.00
Availability: In Stock
ISBN Number: 9789380772127
Writer: Dr. Himadri Panda
Publisher: ENGINEERS INDIA RESEARCH INSTT.
Average Rating: Not Rated

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Chapter 1
Introduction

  • Scope
  • Definitions
  • Additives
  • Plastics
  • Chemical structure of
  • Different Types of
  • Plastic Additives
  • Accelerators
  • Accelerator BBTS
  • Accelerator MBT, MBT/MG
  • Akroform ETU-22 PM
  • Accelerator CBTS NEW
  • Activator OT Urea
  • Cure-Rite® IBT
  • Accelerator EZ & EZ-SP
  • Antifoams
  • SF100
  • Antidegradants
  • Akrochem Antiox 12
  • Ethanox® 314
  • Santoflex® IPPD
  • Santoflex® 77PD
  • Santoflex® 6PPD
  • Antioxidants
  • Alkanox® P27
  • Antioxidant 60
  • BLS® 234 NEW
  • Alkanox® TNPP
  • Antioxidant S
  • BLS® 292 NEW
  • Alox® PP18 NEW
  • 2-(2H-Benzotriazol-2-yl)-4,6-
  • bis(1-methyl-1-
  • phenylethyl)phenol NEW 11
  • BLS® 1622 NEW
  • BLS® 1944 NEW
  • 2-tert-Butyl-6-(5-chloro-2Hbenzotriazol-
  • 2-yl)-4-
  • methylphenol NEW
  • Cyanox® 1790
  • BNX 1077 NEW
  • 4,4'-Butylidenebis(6-tert-butylmcresol)
  • NEW
  • Cyanox® 2246
  • BNX 1225TPR NEW
  • Cyanox® 1212
  • Cyanox® 425
  • Cyanox® LTDP
  • Diethyl 3,5-Di-tert-butyl-4-
  • hydroxybenzylphosphonate
  • NEW
  • 1,3-Diphenyl-2-thiourea
  • NEW
  • Cyanox® STDP
  • N,N’-Diethylthiourea NEW
  • Distyryl biphenyl NEW
  • Dibenzylhydroxylamine
  • NEW
  • O,O’-Dioctadecylpentaerythritol
  • distearyl
  • bis(phosphile) NEW
  • 1,3-Di-o-tolylguanidine NEW
  • 3,9-Bis(2,4-dicumylphenoxy)-
  • 2,4,8,10-tetraoxa-3,9-
  • diphosphaspiro[5,5]
  • undecane NEW
  • Dipentamethylenethiuram
  • tetrasulfide NEW
  • 2,6-Di-tert-butyl-4-ethylphenol
  • NEW
  • 2,6-Di-tert-butylphenol
  • NEW
  • Ethanox® 330
  • Ethaphos® 368
  • Ethanox® 310
  • Ethanox® 376
  • 2,2'-Ethylidene-bis(4,6-di-tertbutylphenol)
  • NEW
  • Ethanox® 323
  • Ethanox® 702
  • 2-(2'-Hydroxy-3',5'-di-tertamylphenyl)
  • benzotriazole NEW
  • Ethanox® 703
  • Irganox® 245
  • Irganox® 1035
  • Irganox® 1425 WL
  • Irganox® 259
  • Irganox® 1081
  • Irganox® 3125
  • Irganox® 565
  • Irganox® 1098
  • Irganox® 3144 FF
  • Irganox® E 201
  • Isonox® 232
  • Markstat® 60
  • Irganox® MD 1024
  • Lowinox® AH25
  • Naugard® 412S
  • Isonox® 132
  • Lowinox® CPL
  • Naugard® 445
  • Lowinox® TBM-6
  • Naugard® 635 NEW
  • Naugard® 956
  • Naugard® HM-22
  • Naugard® PHR
  • Naugard® A
  • Naugard® J
  • Naugard® PS-30
  • Naugard® B-25
  • Naugard® NBC
  • Naugard® PS-35
  • Naugard® BHT
  • Naugard® PANA
  • Naugard® Q Extra
  • Naugard® RM-51
  • Naugard® XL-1
  • Bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-
  • piperidyl) sebacate
  • NEW
  • Naugard® Super Q
  • Propyl gallate NEW
  • 2,2'-(2,5-thiophenediyl)
  • bis(5-tert-butylbenzoxazole)
  • NEW
  • Santicizer® 278
  • Ultranox® 626
  • Antiozonants
  • Akrochem® NIBUD
  • Akrowax™ 195 NEW
  • Blowing Agents/Blowing
  • Agents, Plasticizer
  • CPW-100
  • Celogen® AZ
  • Celogen® RA NEW
  • Coupling Agents
  • Silquest® A-187
  • Silquest® A-1102
  • Silquest® A-137
  • Silquest® A-1100
  • Silquest® A-1289
  • Silquest® A-2171
  • Cross-linking Agents
  • F-300, F-1000, F-1500,
  • F-2000, F-3000
  • Perkacit® MBTS
  • Perkacit® ZDEC
  • Perkacit® DPG
  • Perkacit® NDBC
  • Perkacit® MBT
  • Resimene® 3520
  • Flame Retardants
  • Aroclor® 1221
  • 2,2',4,4'-Tetrabromodiphenyl
  • ether
  • 2,2',4,4',6-Pentabromodiphenyl
  • ether
  • Aroclor® 1232
  • 2,2',4,4',5-Pentabromodiphenyl
  • ether
  • Aroclor® 1016
  • Aroclor® 1242
  • 2,2',4,4',5,5'-Hexabromodiphenyl
  • ether
  • Aroclor® 1248
  • Aroclor® 1268
  • Aroclor® 6050
  • Aroclor® 1254
  • Aroclor® 5432
  • Decabromodiphenyl ether
  • Aroclor® 1260
  • Aroclor® 5442
  • Firemaster BP4A
  • Aroclor® 1262
  • Aroclor® 5460
  • Halowax 1000
  • Halowax 1001
  • Halowax 1013
  • Halowax 1051
  • Halowax 1099
  • Saytex® 8010 NEW
  • m-Terphenyl
  • o-Terphenyl
  • p-Terphenyl
  • Tetradecachloro-mterphenyl
  • Tetradecachloro-oterphenyl
  • Tetradecachloro-pterphenyl
  • Plasticizers
  • Benzoflex® 2-45
  • Bisphenol A (BPA)
  • Celogen® SD-125
  • Citroflex 2
  • Citroflex 4
  • Citroflex A-2
  • Citroflex A-4
  • Citroflex B-6
  • Cresyl diphenyl phosphate
  • NEW
  • Dibutyl phthalate
  • Dibutyl sebacate NEW
  • Diisooctyl phthalate NEW
  • Dimethyl adipate NEW
  • Dimethyl sebacate NEW
  • Dioctyl phthalate (DOP)
  • Disflamoll® TKP NEW
  • Disflamoll TP NEW
  • 2-Ethylhexyl sebacate
  • NEW
  • Bis(2-Ethylhexyl)
  • terephthalate NEW
  • Hercoflex® 900
  • Hi-Point® 90
  • Hi-Point PD-1
  • Jayflex® 77
  • Jayflex® DIDP
  • Jayflex® DINP
  • Jayflex® DTDP
  • Jayflex® L11P-E
  • Jayflex® TINTM
  • Laurex®
  • Markstat® 51
  • Methyl O-Acetylricinoleate
  • NEW
  • Morflex® 150
  • Morflex® 190
  • Morflex® 560
  • Morflex® x-1125
  • Paraplex® G-30
  • Plasthall® DINP plasticizer
  • NEW
  • Plasthall® ESO
  • Polycizer® butyl oleate
  • Polycizer® DP 500
  • Santicizer® 141
  • Santicizer® 148
  • Santicizer® 160
  • Santicizer® 261
  • Tributylphosphate NEW
  • Triethylphosphate NEW
  • 2,2,4-Trimethyl-1,3-
  • pentanediol-isobutyrate
  • NEW
  • Trimellitate NEW
  • Vinsol® powder
  • Vinsol® resin
  • Processing aids
  • Akrochem® Ceresin
  • Wax NEW
  • Kemamide® E ultra
  • Retarders
  • Akrochem® Retarder
  • BAX NEW
  • 2-Cyano-2-propyl
  • benzodithioate NEW
  • 4-Cyano-4-(phenylcarbonothioylthio)
  • pentanoic acid NEW
  • 2-Cyano-2-propyl dodecyl
  • trithiocarbonate NEW
  • 4-Cyano-4-[(dodecylsulfanylthiocarbonyl)
  • sulfanyl]
  • pentanoic acid NEW
  • Cyanomethyl dodecyl
  • trithiocarbonate NEW
  • Cyanomethyl methyl(phenyl)
  • carbamodithioate
  • NEW
  • 2-(Dodecylthiocarbonothioylthio)-
  • 2-
  • methylpropionic acid
  • NEW
  • Bis(dodecylsulfanylthiocarbonyl)
  • disulfide
  • NEW
  • Retarder AK
  • Bis(thiobenzoyl) disulfide
  • NEW
  • Stearates
  • Stearic Acid RG (rubber
  • grade)
  • Stearic Acid TP
  • UV stabilizers
  • Tinuvin® PED
  • Uvinul® 3000
  • Uvinul® 3008
  • Uvinul® 3040
  • Uvinul® 3049
  • Deuterated Compounds
  • Dibenzylphthalate-d4
  • Di-n-butyl phthalate-d4
  • Di-iso-butyl phthalate-
  • 3,4,5,6-d4
  • Diethyl phthalate-
  • 3,4,5,6-d4
  • Diethyl phthalate-
  • 3,4,5,6-d4
  • Di-n-hexyl phthalate-
  • 3,4,5,6-d4
  • Di-n-hexyl phthalate-
  • 3,4,5,6-d4
  • Di-n-octyl phthalate-
  • 3,4,5,6-d4
  • Di-n-pentyl phthalate-
  • 3,4,5,6-d4
  • Di-n-propyl phthalate-
  • 3,4,5,6-d4
  • Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate-
  • 3,4,5,6-d4



Chapter 2
Antiblock and Slip Agents

 

  • Antiblocking Agents
  • Antiblock Agent for
  • Polyolefin Films
  • Talc antiblock
  • compositions and
  • method of preparation



Chapter 3
Antioxidants

  • Description
  • Phenolics
  • Organophosphites
  • Synthesis of
  • Phosphorochloridite
  • 1a and Phosphorodichloridite 2a
  • Thioesters
  • Deactivators
  • Recent developments
  • Suppliers
  • Trends and forecasts



Chapter 4
Antistatic Agents

  • Description
  • External Antistats
  • Dust Test Method
  • Trends and forecasts


Chapter 5
Biocides

  • Description
  • Preparation
  • Method
  • Suppliers
  • Trends and forecasts


Chapter 6
Chemical Blowing Agents

  • Description
  • Physical blowing agents
  • Chemical blowing agents
  • Polycarbonic Acid
  • Trends and Forecasts


Chapter 7
Coupling Agents

 

  • Description
  • Silanes
  • trans-2-methylcyclopentylsilane
  • Titanates
  • Trends and Forecasts


Chapter 8
Flame Retardants

  • Description
  • Reactive flame retardants
  • Brominated Hydrocarbons
  • Phosphate esters
  • Chlorinated hydrocarbons
  • Antimony Oxide
  • Aluminum Trihydrate
  • Other flame retardants
  • Inorganic phosphates
  • Melamines
  • Magnesium hydroxide
  • Molybdenum compounds
  • Zinc Borate
  • Driving Forces


Chapter 9
Heat Stabilizers

  • Description
  • Primary heat stabilizers
  • Mixed metal stabilizers
  • Lead Heat Stabilizers
  • Secondary heat stabilizers
  • Alkyl/aryl organophosphites
  • Epoxy Compounds
  • Beta diketones
  • Polyfunctional Alcohols
  • Trends and Forecasts


Chapter 10
Impact Modifiers

  • Description
  • Methacrylate-butadiene-styrene (MBS)
  • Acrylonitrile-butadienestyrene (ABS)
  • Acrylics
  • Acrylic Sheet Production
  • Chlorinated polyethylene (CPE)
  • Ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA)
  • Ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM)
  • Maleic anhydride grafted EPDM


Chapter 11
Light Stabilizers

  • Description
  • Benzophenone
  • Preparation
  • Benzotriazole
  • Benzoates and Salicylates
  • Nickel Organic Complexes
  • Hindered Amine Light
  • Stabilizers (HALS)
  • Suppliers
  • Trends and Forecasts


Chapter 12
Lubricants and Mould Release Agents

  • Description
  • Lubricants
  • Metallic stearates Esters
  • Fatty Amides
  • Synthetic Protocols
  • Cis-9,10-octadecenoamide
  • Trans-9,10-octadecenoamide
  • Cis-8,9-octadecenoamide
  • Cis-11,12-octadecenoamide
  • Oleic acid
  • Erucamide
  • Methyl-8-hydroxyoctanoate
  • Methyl-8-bromooctanoate
  • Methyl-8-triphenylphosphoranyloctanoatebromide
  • Methyl-cis-8.9-octadecenoate
  • Cis-8,9 octadecenoic Acid
  • 18-Hemisuccinate-cis-9,
  • 10-octadecenoamide
  • Methyl-9-bromononanoate
  • Methyl-9-triphenylphosphoranylnonanoate-bromide
  • Methyl-18-t-butyldiphenysilyloxy-cis-9,10 octadecenoate
  • 18-T-butyldiphenylsilyloxycis-
  • 9,10-octadecenoic Acid
  • 18-T-butyldiphenylsilyloxycis-
  • 9,10-octadecenoamide
  • 18-Hydroxy-cis-9,10-octadecenoamide
  • Synthesis of
  • Compound 100
  • Methyl-9-bromo-nonanoate
  • (Intermediate for Compound 100:)
  • 9-T-butyldiphenylsilyloxynonanal
  • (Intermediate for Compound 100:)
  • Methyl-9-triphenylphosphoranylnonanoate
  • Bromide
  • (Intermediate for Compound 100:)
  • Methyl-18-t-butyldiphenysilyloxy-
  • cis-9,10-
  • octadecenoate
  • (Intermediate for Compound 100:)
  • 18-T-butyldiphenylsilyloxy-cis-
  • 9,10-octadecenoic Acid (Compound 100:)
  • Fatty Alcohols
  • Waxes
  • Mould Release Agents
  • Fatty Acid Esters and Amides
  • Fluoropolymers
  • Silicones
  • Suppliers
  • Trends and forecasts


Chapter 13
Nucleating Agents

  • Description
  • Types
  • Substituted sorbitols
  • Low Molecular Weight Polyolefins
  • Sodium benzoate
  • Ionomer Resins
  • Suppliers
  • Trends and forecasts

The book Plastic Additive Technology Hand Book covers Introduction, Antiblock and Slip Agents, Antioxidants, Antistatic Agents, Biocides, Chemical Blowing Agents, Coupling Agents, Flame Retardants, Heat Stabilizers, Impact Modifiers, Light Stabilizers, Lubricants and Mold Release Agents, Nucleating Agents.

Preface
Every activity in modern life is influenced by plastics and many depend entirely on plastics products. Imagine cars without synthetic bumper, dashboards, steering wheels and switches; medicine without plastic hypodermic syringes and artificial hip joints. And what about telecommunications, dependent on plastic telephones, circuit boards and cable insulation. Our entertainment and leisure relies on the unique combination of characteristics offered by plastics in sports equipment and clothing, CDs, video and audio tape, television and cinema - indeed you wouldn't be able to read this over the internet without plastics! All these plastics products are made from the essential polymer mixed with a complex blend of materials known collectively as additives. Without additives, plastics would not work, but with them they can be made safer, cleaner, tougher and more colourful. Additives cost money, of course, but by reducing production costs and making products last longer, they help us to save money and conserve the world's precious raw material reserves. In fact, our world today would be a lot less safe, a lot more expensive and a great deal duller without the additives that turn basic polymers in to useful plastics. One way to improve the performance characteristics of plastic products is to compound resins with additives and fillers. Additives help fight against factors such as heat, chemicals or light. There are thousands of additives/fillers on the market today. Below are some of the most common ones used in manufacturing: • Antimicrobials: Used to control the build up of bacteria, fungi and algae on the surface of plastic products. A wide range of chemical and natural compounds are used as antimicrobials. An example would be naturally occurring silver ions used in products such as cell phones or organic acids in food-related products.

• Antioxidants: Used to control the degradation of products due to exposure to air.
• Antistatics: Used to minimize static electricity. These types of additives can be mixed with the resin or applied to the surface of the product. Antistatic additives are common to a wide variety of products ranging from cosmetics to industrial goods to sensitive electronic parts.
• Electrostatic Induction: Used for the economical and even application of polyurethane paints to consumer goods such as automobiles, bicycles and others.
• Fibers: Used to increase strength and stiffness. The most common type of fibers added for strength would be carbon and glass. Glass-reinforced plastic is more commonly known and marketed as fiberglass.
• Conductive fibers: Used to provide special properties for certain applications.
• Lubricants: Used for easier molding or for increased adhesion and viscosity of the molded parts.
• UV stabilizers: Used for the protection of the resin's mechanical properties by absorbing selective UV rays resulting in less degradation.
• Flame retardants/ Smoke suppressants: A variety of chemicals that can be added to resins to eliminate its tendency to burn. For polyethylene and similar resins, chemicals such as antimony trioxide and chlorinated paraffin are useful.
 

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