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COAL AND COAL BYE PRODUCTS, COAL TAR, COAL TAR DISTILLATION, COAL & COKE, CHARCOAL, CARBON BLACK, COAL WASHING, COAL MINING, BRIQUETTES, LIGNITE COAL, COAL TAR PITCH, NON COKING COAL

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Activated carbon production from coir pitch
Activated carbon production from coir pitch
ISBN Number:Project Report
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Description:

MARKET SURVEY CUM DETAILED TECHNO
ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY REPORT covers
 
Introduction
Uses and Applications
Properties
Market Survey with future aspects
Present Manufacturers
Detailed Process of Manufacture
Formulations
B.I.S. Specifications
Process Flow Sheet Diagram, Plant Layout,
Cost Economics with Profitability Analysis
Capacity
Land & Building Requirements with Rates.... read more

ACTIVATED CHARCOAL
ACTIVATED CHARCOAL
ISBN Number:PROJECT REPORT
Price: Request Price/Send Enquiry
Description:

MARKET SURVEY CUM DETAILED TECHNO
ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY REPORT covers
 
Introduction
Uses and Applications
Properties
Market Survey with future aspects
Present Manufacturers
Detailed Process of Manufacture
Formulations
B.I.S. Specifications
Process Flow Sheet Diagram, Plant Layout,
Cost Economics with Profitability Analysis
Capacity
Land & Building Requirements with Rates.... read more

BRIQUETTE CHARCOAL
BRIQUETTE CHARCOAL
ISBN Number:PROJECT REPORT
Price: Request Price/Send Enquiry
Description:

MARKET  SURVEY CUM  DETAILED  TECHNO 
ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY  REPORT

covers

Introduction
Uses and  Applications
Properties
Market Position
Present Manufacturers 
Detailed  Process of  Manufacture 
Formulations
B.I.S. Specifications
Process Flow Sheet Diagram, Plant  Layout,
Cost  Economics  with Profitabi.... read more

BRIQUETTING OF LIGNITE COAL
BRIQUETTING OF LIGNITE COAL
ISBN Number:PROJECT REPORT
Price: Request Price/Send Enquiry
Description:

MARKET  SURVEY CUM  DETAILED  TECHNO 
ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY  REPORT

covers

Introduction
Uses and  Applications
Properties
Market   Survey  with   future   aspects 
Present Manufacturers 
Detailed  Process of  Manufacture 
Formulations
B.I.S. Specifications
Process Flow Sheet Diagram, Pla.... read more

CALCINED PETROLEUM (CP) COKE
CALCINED PETROLEUM (CP) COKE
ISBN Number:PROJECT REPORT
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Description:


CALCINED PETROLEUM COKE


Calcined  petroleum  coke  is a product obtained  from  the  high temperature  treatment of specified feed-stocks. The  feed-stocks (raw  petroleum  coke)  are  derived  from  the  distillation  of petroleum  crude in delayed cokers. Raw petroleum coke is a  hard brittle  substance, .... read more

CALCINED PETROLEUM COKE
CALCINED PETROLEUM COKE
ISBN Number:project report
Price: Request Price/Send Enquiry
Description:

MARKET SURVEY CUM DETAILED TECHNO
ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY REPORT covers
 

•            Introduction
•            Properties
•            BIS (Bureau of Indian Standard) Specifications & Requirements
•      .... read more

CAPTIVE PLANT USING HUSK AND COAL (CONVERTIBLE)
CAPTIVE PLANT USING HUSK AND COAL (CONVERTIBLE)
ISBN Number:project report
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Description:


CAPTIVE POWER PLANT USING RICE HUSK AND COAL {CONVERTIBLE}


The term power plant is often used loosely to designate any plant in which steam is generated regardless of whether power is produced. In a more exact sense an industrial steam power plant is one in which power is generated from steam. The term power generation in the engineering sense implies the production of .... read more

charcoal from bagasse
charcoal from bagasse
ISBN Number:Project Report
Price: Request Price/Send Enquiry
Description:

MARKET SURVEY CUM DETAILED TECHNO
ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY REPORT covers
 
•            Introduction
•            Properties
•            BIS (Bureau of Indian Standard) Specifications & Requirements
•        &nbs.... read more

COAL BRIQUETTS FROM AGROWASTE INCLUDING BAGASSE, COFFEE & RICE HUSK
COAL BRIQUETTS FROM AGROWASTE INCLUDING BAGASSE, COFFEE & RICE HUSK
ISBN Number:project report
Price: Request Price/Send Enquiry
Description:

MARKET SURVEY CUM DETAILED TECHNO
ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY REPORT covers
 

•            Introduction
•            Properties
•            BIS (Bureau of Indian Standard) Specifications & Requirements
•      .... read more

COAL CANDY
COAL CANDY
ISBN Number:project report
Price: Request Price/Send Enquiry
Description:

MARKET SURVEY CUM DETAILED TECHNO
ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY REPORT covers

 
•            Introduction
•            Properties
•            BIS (Bureau of Indian Standard) Specifications & Requirements
•      .... read more

COAL FROM COAL WASTE
COAL FROM COAL WASTE
ISBN Number:PROJECT REPORT
Price: Request Price/Send Enquiry
Description:

MARKET SURVEY CUM DETAILED TECHNO
ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY REPORT covers
 
Introduction
Uses and Applications
Properties
Market Survey with future aspects
Present Manufacturers
Detailed Process of Manufacture
Formulations
B.I.S. Specifications
Process Flow Sheet Diagram, Plant Layout,
Cost Economics with Profitability Analysis
Capacity
Land & Building Requirements with Rates.... read more

Coal Manufacture By Soyabean Turfal
Coal Manufacture By Soyabean Turfal
ISBN Number:PROJECT REPORT
Price: Request Price/Send Enquiry
Description:

MARKET SURVEY CUM DETAILED TECHNO
ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY REPORT covers
 
Introduction
Uses and Applications
Properties
Market Survey with future aspects
Present Manufacturers
Detailed Process of Manufacture
Formulations
B.I.S. Specifications
Process Flow Sheet Diagram, Plant Layout,
Cost Economics with Profitability Analysis
Capacity
Land & Building Requirements with Rates.... read more

We want to give a brief overview on the current scope of coal mining and consumption in India.

In 2009, India (526 million tonnes) was the third biggest hard coal producer after China (2,971 Mt) and the USA (919Mt). 85 per cent of coal is produced by Coal India Limited (CIL), the world largest coal mining company, currently employing around 380,000 permanent workers and running around 500 mines in India.

Around 55 per cent of energy production in India stems from coal, compared to around 3 per cent from nuclear energy. Around 75 per cent of total coal stock is consumed by the energy sector. Global market prices for coking coal increased by 70 per cent during 2010 – the regime in India is forced to import coal for energy production and at the same time put more pressure on production costs ‘at home’.

Production costs in India are 35 per cent higher compared to Australia, Indonesia or South Africa, which is not due to higher wages, but lower out-put productivity. The Coal India Ltd. subsidiary SCCL claimed in 2010 that wage costs account for 44 per cent of total production costs. The average mechanised mine in India had an out-put of 3.8 tons per man-shift in 2008, while manual mines operate on levels of 0.4 tonnes. In comparison, the United Colliery in Australia reports to achieve an output per man shift of 65 tonnes. In order to increase productivity there is a shift towards large scale open pit mining. In 2005 around 80 per cent of coal production in India came from open-cast mining, this compares to 20 per cent in 1971. The underground production declined from 50.56 to 43.54 million tonnes during the period 2001 to 2008.

coke

coke, coke [Credit: Stahlkocher] solid residue remaining after certain types of bituminous coals are heated to a high temperature out of contact with air until substantially all of the volatile constituents have been driven off. The residue is chiefly carbon, with minor amounts of hydrogen, nitrogen, sulfur, and oxygen. Also present in coke is the mineral matter in the original coal, chemically altered and decomposed during the coking process.

Oven coke (size: 40 to 100 millimetres, about 1 1/2 to 4 inches) is used throughout the world in blast furnaces to make iron. Smaller quantities of coke are used in other metallurgical processes, such as the manufacture of ferroalloys, lead, and zinc, and in kilns to make lime and magnesia. Large, strong coke, known as foundry coke, is used in foundry cupolas to smelt iron ores. Smaller sizes of both oven and gas coke (15 to 50 millimetres) are used to heat houses and commercial buildings. Coke measuring 10 to 25 millimetres in size is employed in the manufacture of phosphorus and of calcium carbide, the raw material from which acetylene is made. Coke breeze (less than 12 millimetres) is applied to the sintering of small iron ore prior to use in blast furnaces. Any surplus breeze coke becomes industrial boiler fuel.

Description

India: Coal covers the sector overview, performance in terms of  Indutry size and value,policy framework in terms of  regulatory environment . It also covers presents the trends and outlook for the industry which include the overseas acquisitions of coal resources, fuel supply agreements, industry forecast and SWOT analysis of the industry leading players: Coal India Limited (CIL);(BSE; 533278; NSE:COALINDIA), Neyveli Lignite Corporation Limited (NLC) (BSE: 513683) (NSE: NEYVELILIG), Gujarat NRE Coke Limited (GNCL) (BSE: 512579) (NSE: GUJNRECOKE), Adani Enterprises Limited (AEL),(BSE: 512599) (NSE: ADANIENT).

Summary

IN Defence provides an overview that includes military expenditure, defence production, defence report (2009-2010) and others. Despite economic slowdown faced by most developed countries, global military expenditure show few signed of contraction and in 2009, total spending for the world’s military spending surged nearly 6% to USD1.53tr. Among which, the U.S. accounted for more tan half of the increase while the remaining growth were mostly contributed by emerging economies like Russia, India and China.

India was one of the top 10 military spenders in 2009, with its rank at the 9th spot that contributed to a 2.4% to global military spending. In view of India’s defence production, it is anticipated that the country will spend INR223.94cr for the investment on modernisation of plant and machinery.

Also, major players in the defence industry as well as their operational highlights. Among the leading players in our report are Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd., Bharat Earth Movers Ltd., Mazagon Dock Ltd. and Goa shipyard Ltd. Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. is a leading company in this industry and its projects include India’s space programmes, where it participated in the production of structures for Satellite Launch Vehicles and its value of production was the largest among its rivals at INR11,810.85cr in FY2008-09.

India’s GDP grew by 5.3% in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2012, recording its worst performance in last nine years. This slowdown in growth was primarily a result of high inflation, high interest rates and policy paralysis. Indian mining industry also suffered a slowdown as index of industrial production for mining contracted by 2 percent YoY in FY12. However, Indian coal mining industry witnessed a growth in both production as well as sales. The annual production of coal grew by 1.3 percent to reach 539 million tons. The size of Indian coal industry was estimated at INR 800 billion by the end of fiscal year 2012. Ministry of Coal has planned to increase the coal production by an average of 36 million tons per annum in the 12th five year plan.

The proven coal resources in India were recorded at around 114 billion tons as on April 1, 2011.  Despite the availability of vast coal assets, the country was a net importer of coal in FY12 due to domestic supply side constraints and burgeoning demand for coal. The demand supply gap estimated at 161.5 million tons at the end of fiscal year. Coal imports touched a figure of 99 million tons recording a YoY growth of around 43 percent. The government of India waived-off the customs duty on non-coking coal to ease the import of the same to meet domestic requirements.

In January 2012, Coal India Limited decided to increase prices and benchmark them according to Gross Calorific Value (GCV).The move, however, attracted a lot of opposition. Eventually, Coal India Limited had to roll back prices as a result of increasing pressure from power sector companies. The last quarter of the fiscal year also witnessed a controversy surrounding allocation of coal blocks to private and public sector companies without auction during the period 2004-09. The basis for this controversy was a report from Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG), which estimated a notional loss of INR10.6 trillion to the exchequer for not following a competitive bidding process in allocation of coal blocks. Central Bureau of Investigation entrusted with the responsibility of investigations in this case. Meanwhile, the Ministry of Coal allocated 81 coal blocks to power sector companies in May 2012 in pursuance of its policy to give preference to power sector. The Ministry also directed Coal India Limited to sign Fuel Supply Agreements (FSAs) covering total quantity of 438.29 million tons in May 2012 to thermal power plants.

 
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